First Grade

Grade 1 Math Curriculum Framework

Operations & Algebraic Thinking

  • Use tools to solve word problems with two numbers.

  • Use tools to solve word problems using more than two numbers.

  • Add and subtract fact families.

  • Use addition to solve subtraction problems.

  • Use counting to solve addition and subtraction problems.

  • Use my skills to add and subtract within 20.

  • Explain the meaning of the equal sign.

  • Find the missing number in a number sentence, using addition and/or subtraction.

Numbers & Operations: Base Ten

  • Count to 120 starting at any number less than 120.

  • Write numbers to 120.

  • Read numbers to 120.

  • Use tools to make and explain two digit numbers.

  • Compare two digit numbers with symbols >,=,and <.

  • Use tools to add 10s to a two-digit number.

  • Use tools to add numbers less than 10 to a two-digit number.

  • Add 10s to two-digit numbers without having to count.

  • Use tools to subtract by 10s.

Measurement & Data

  • Measure objects by length.

  • Compare objects by length.

  • Use one object to describe another object.

  • Tell time to the hour.

  • Tell time to the half hour.

  • Sort and tally data.

  • Show data in a graph.

  • Ask and answer questions about data using a graph.


  • Name, build, draw and describe shapes.

  • Draw 2-dimensional shapes (rectangles, squares, trapezoids, triangles, half-circles and quarter-circles).

  • Draw 3-dimensional shapes (cubes, prisms, cones, and cylinders).

  • Break circles and rectangles into equal parts.

Grade 1 Literacy Curriculum Framework


  • Ask and answer questions after listening or reading a story.

  • Retell a story including naming the characters, key events, and vocabulary from the story.

  • Tell the difference between fiction and non-fiction.

  • Identifies who is telling the story.

Informational Text

  • Ask and answer questions after listening or reading a text.

  • Talk about the main idea/concept, key details, and vocabulary after reading text.

  • Use parts of the book to help me understand (heading, glossary, table of contents).

  • Compare and contrast information in two texts on same topic.  

Foundational Skills

  • Use capital letters in sentences.

  • Use punctuation at the end of sentences.

  • Use what I know about letter sounds to read new words (digraphs, vowel pairs)

  • Use what I know about short and long vowels to read words.

  • Use reading strategies to decode unknown words.

  • Read all sight words taught.  

  • Read and understand 1st grade books.

  • Read out loud the way I talk.


  • Write an opinion piece that: states my opinion, has reasons to support my opinion, uses transitions and has a concluding sentence.

  • Write an expository writing piece with a topic sentence, facts, and a concluding sentence.

  • Write a narrative writing piece that includes details that describe actions, feelings, time order words and a concluding sentence.

  • Edit and revise my writing piece, with guidance.

Speaking and Listening

  • Take turns when I am talking and listening.

  • Use complete sentences when I talk.


  • Use upper and lower case letters.

  • Capitalize first word in a sentence, proper nouns, pronoun “I”, and dates.

  • Use ending punctuation (period, question mark, and exclamation mark)

  • Spell already taught spelling patterns and sight words.

  • Spell using the sounds I hear in a word.

  • Repeat and use new words I learn.

Grade 1 Curriculum Resources

  • Online: TumbleBooks and Storyline online

  • Pearson: Good Habits, Great Readers

  • Pearson: Good Habits, Great Writers

  • Guided Reading Book Library

  • Words I Use When I Write Student Dictionary

  • Online: Shurley English

  • Pearson: Words Their Way

  • Heggerty Phonemic Awareness

  • Tucker Signing

  • McGraw-Hill: My Math curriculum books and on-line

  • Online: IXL Math

  • Hands-on math materials

Grade 1 Instructional Practices

  • Daily 5/CAFE literacy framework (Shared, guided, one-on-one)

  • Literacy and math learning stations

  • Use of Leveled books matched to readers

  • Hands-on math materials

  • Technology: Promethean Board, iPads, computers

Summer Reading Suggestions for Kids Going Into Second Grade

Caldecott Awards and Honor Books

  • Alphabet City by Stephen Johnson
  • Ashanti to Zulu: African Traditions by Margaret Musgrove
  • The Hello, Goodbye Window by Norton Juster and Chris Raschka
  • Owen by Kevin Henkes
  • The Polar Express by Chris Van Allsburg  
  • A Story, A Story by Gail E. Haley

Picture Books

  • And I Mean It, Stanley by Crosby Bonsall
  • Arthur series by Marc Brown
  • Berenstain Bear series by Jan and Stan Berenstain
  • Clifford series by Norman Bridwell
  • Dinosaur Time by Peggy Parish  
  • The Eye Book by Theo LeSieg
  • Franklin series by Paulette Bourgeois
  • Froggy series by Jonathan London    
  • How I Became a Pirate by Melinda Long  
  • Little Critter series by Mercer Mayer  
  • Morris the Moose by Bernard Wiseman  
  • Rainbow Fish by Marcus Pfister  

Beginning Chapter Books

  • Junie B. Jones series by Barbara Park
  • Nate the Great series by Marjorie Weinman Sharmat
  • Horrible Harry series by Suzy Kline

Nonfiction Books

  • Any nonfiction books at your child’s level are great for summer reading